(A Constituent College of Tumaini University Makumira)

Profile Information
Prof. Uswege Minga
Administration Office in the Office of the Provost
+255-22-2701316 (Office line)


  • Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) (1981) Royal Veterinary and  Agricultural University, Copenhagen, Denmark,
  • M.Sc. (Microbilogy/Immunology) (1975) University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign, U.S.A,
  • BVM (Bachelor of Veterinary Medicine) (1972) University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Honors and Awards

Fighting poverty by use of village chickens x RIR crosses: Funded by VSF Canada (2006 – 2011) Team leader.

Transforming of subsitence farming into commercial enterprises: Funded by DANIDA (2009 – 2013): Member of research team.

Improving the Health and Productivity of rural chicken in Africa (IHEPRUCA) Funded by DANIDA, A Danish funding agency:

(1996 - 1998) Project Leader.Three MSc students have been trained and theses produced as follows:

  1. Molecular epidemiology of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar gallinarum infections in chickens in Tanzania. By R.H. Mdegela
  2. Ecotypes and natural disease resistance among scavenging local chickens in Tanzania. By P. Lawrence.
  3. Productivity and nutritional status of local chickens under village management conditions. By N.A. Mwalusanya.


(1999 - 2002) - Project Leader. Phase 2 is a Collaborative Research Project Between Denmark, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Malawi. Five PhD Students have been trained and have specialised in Poultry (Genetics, Diseases and Production). They Started their studies in 1999/2000.  As Project Leader I was responsible for coordinating research and other activities in the four African countries. I was also responsible locally for the administration of scientific and administrative members of the research team and students, as well as management of all research funds and assets which included a project car.

(2003 – 2006) Now re-named “Production and Health of Smallholder Livestock” A member of the Research team. The Reseach was funded by DANIDA.         


Improvement of health and productivity of village chickens by controlling important diseases  (2001 - 2004). A TARPII Funded Project.  – Member of Research Team.


Prevalence of major livestock diseases and their control in Ngorongoro Conservation Area. - A SUA-NCCA Joint Research Programme. (1997 - 1998 and then 1999 - 2004), Funded by NORAD through the NCCA. - Member of Research Team.


Development of Farm-level Technologies for Improving Productivity of Small Ruminants in the Eastern Zone of Tanzania (2001 - 2003). A TARPII Funded Project.  - Member of Research Team.


Sustainable Production, Health and Range management of Livestock in Chakwale, Msongozi and Maharaka villages, Morogoro. SUA- TU Linkage project (1995 - 2000). - Focus Area Research Team Leader.


Epidemiology and Control of Bovine Pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Tanzania. Funded by SUA - NORAD Programme (1997 - 1999) - Project Leader


Animal husbandry and Salmonellosis in Tanzania. Funded by GTZ, a Germany government funding agency (1994 - 1997) I managed research funds and assets which included a Project car.


Scavenging Poultry in Tanzania (Vaccination against Newcastle disease using the thermal stable V4 vaccine strain on feeds). Funded by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1994 - 1997)


Inactivation of exotic viruses in biological material - without changing important properties necessary for widespread research.  Granted by DANIDA of Denmark (1992 - 1997).


Animal Salmonellae in Tanzania:  Epidemiological studies of Fowl typhoid.

         Financed by Sokoine University of Agriculture (1986).


Study of the prevalence of Salmonella infection in cattle and chicken in Morogoro using cultural and ELISA methods.  Financed by Sokoine University of Agriculture (1983) and by the International Atomic Energy Agency  (IAEA) (1986).


Epidemiology of Bovine Anaplasmosis: Incidence in Morogoro district. Financed by University of Dar es Salaam (1979).

Research Focus

Animal Microbiology: Diagnostics and control of animal diseases
Samonella spp: Pathogenesis and Clinical diseases in livestock with emphasis of poultry, diagnosis and control. 

Use of livestock in fighting poverty with special emphasis on Promotion of Livestock, specifically the indigenous poultry and control of Newcastle disease among indigenous checkens  in rural areas and improve their health and productivity for better production, higher off-take rate and better income for the rural people in order to alleviate poverty.

Bovine and Caprine Mycoplasmosis: Epidemiology and Control.

Molecular Biology: Cloning and charactirisation of DNA fragments from Salmonella gallinarum into Escherichia coli using Subtractive Hybridisation Method.

Blood or MHC – typing and genotyping of indigenous chickens in Tanzania to determine and conserve local genotypes (Haplotypes/Phenotypes/Ecotypes)

Seminar and Workshop Programme

Annual Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conferences. Held annually in December at Arusha, Tanzania. Have attended regulary since 1983 to date.


Annual Tanzania Society of Animal Production Conferences Held annually in Tanzania in August/September.


Society of Applied Bacteriology Scientific Conference.  Attended in June, 1989, Held in Edinburgh, UK.


The First International Union of Immunology Societies African Immunology Meeting.  Held in Harare, Zimbabwe, in February, 1992.


First Pan-African Symposium on Mycoplasmas and Associated Diseases, Held at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe, on 5 - 11 September, 1993.


The 8th International Congress on Animal Hygiene. Held on September 12th to 16th, 1994, in St. Paul, Minnesota.


The 45th North Central Avian Disease Conference and Symposium on Diagnostic Procedures for Avian Viruses. Held on October 9th to 11th, 1994, in Des Moines, Iowa.


The 14th Food Microbiology Symposium: Current concepts in Food borne Pathogens and Rapid and Automated methods in Food Microbiology. Held on October 12th to 14th, 1994, in River Falls, Wisconsin.


The annual Conference of Research Workers of Animal Diseases (CRWAD) Held on November 12th to 15th, 1994, in Chicago, Illinois.


The 37th Annual Meeting of the African Studies Association. Held on November 3rd to 6th, 1994, in Toronto, Canada.


Regional Conference “The impact of Microbiology on socio-economic development and environment in Sub-Saharan Africa”. Held in Dar es Salaam on 10 - 15 September, 1996.


The delivery of animal health services in Eastern Africa. A Workshop organised by Vetaid and held in Arusha on 14 - 18 December, 1998.

1st and 2nd University-wide Scientific Conference, held at Morogoro on 5th - 7th April, 2000 and May, 2002.


Possibilities for small holder poultry projects in Eastern and Southern Africa.  Held in Morogoro on 22 - 25 May, 2000.


SADC Planning workshop on Newcastle disease control in village chickens.   Held in Maputo, Mozambique on 6 - 9 March, 2000.


CBPP/CCPP Workshop.  Held in Morogoro on 27th - 28th July, 1999.


How may animal husbandry be used as a tool in poverty alleviation.  A workshop held on 23rd May, 2001 in Copenhagen, DK.


Research Coordination Meeting of the International Atomic Energy Agency held in Morogoro, Tanzania, September, 2000 and in Mauritius on 5 – 10 May, 2002.


Workshop on “People fight poverty with poultry: Learning from the Bangladesh Experience” Held in Dhaka, Bangladesh on 20 – 24 October, 2002.


Final Research Coordination  Meeting of the FAO/IAEA Coordination Research Programme on the “Assessment of the Effectiveness of Vaccination Strategies Against Newcastle Disease and Gumboro Disease using  Immunoassay-based Technologies for Increasing Framyard Poultry Production in Africa”. Held in Vienna, Austria on 24 - 28 May, 2004.


The XXII World’s Poultry Congress.eld in Istanbul, Turkey on 8 – 13, June, 2004.


Joint Commonwealth Veterinary Association and Veterinary Association of Zambia Regional Conference.Held in Lusaka, Zambia, on 4 – August, 2004.


Foresight Africa Workshop on “Infectious Diseases in Africa: Using Science to Fight the evolving threats”. Held in Entebbe, Uganda on 1 –August, 2005


International Conference on “Opportunities for village chickens to assist with poverty alleviation with special emphasis on the sustainable control of Newcastle disease”. Held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania on 5 – 7 October, 2005


Several FAO workshops/Meetings from March, 2007 to March, 2009 held in    Italy, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.


The  23rd ICDE World Conference on Open and Distance Learning including the     2009 EADTU Annual Conference which was held on 7 – 10 June, 2009 in Maastricht, The Netherlands.


 The ODL University Vice-Chancellors’ Workshop held in Nairobi on 22nd August, 2009.


 The first ODL Universities ACDE-TCC and first Contact Persons  Meeting/Workshop held in Dar es Salaam on 22 – 23rd July, 2010:


 3rd CREAD International Congress which was held at Universidad Tecnica Particular de Loja – a Catholic University in Loja, Equador on 21st and 22nd October, 2010.


UNESCO Policy Forum on Open Educational Resources (OERs) held in Paris, France on 1st December, 2010.


The second Contact persons Meeting of ODL Universities, held at the North West  University in Potchefstroom, South Africa on 17 – 18th February, 2011:


Minga, U.M., Segre, M and Segre, D. (l975).  Numbers and avidity of Anti-DNP antibody plaques in different inbred mouse strains.  Immunogenetics  3: 369 - 377.


Erno, H., J.M. Al-Aubaidi, M.O. Ojo, U.M. Minga and A. Sikdar (l978).         Classification and Identification of Ovine and Caprine Mycoplasmas. Acta  Vet. Scand. l9: 392 - 406.


 Minga, U.M. (l981).  Smooth and Rough colony types of  Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides:  In-vitro characteristics and pathogenicity in cattle.  Tanz. Vet. Bull. 3: 53 - 62.


Minga, U.M. an R. Kikopa (l983). Bacteria and Fungi of Veterinary Importance isolated in Tanzania between l965 and l982: Tanz. Vet. Bull. 5: 1 - 7.


Minga, U.M. (1984).  The immune response and immunodiagnostic methods in Bovine Salmonellosis: A Review.  The Kenya Veterinarian 8: 15 -21.


Minga, U.M., H.H. Licht and J. Schlundt. (l985).  Four outbreaks of Salmonellosis due to S. typhimurium among cattle in one district in Denmark.  Cases report.  Brit. Vet. J. l4l: 490 - 497.


Minga, U.M. (l985).  Occurrence and significance of Salmonellae in chicken feeds.  In: Proceedings of the l2th Scientific Conference of the Tanzania Society of Animal Production Vol. 12: 120 - 128.


Minga, U.M. (l985).  Accurate diagnosis of Salmonellosis as a prelude to the enhancement of animal productivity.  In: Proceedings of the 3rd Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conference 3: 109 - 160.


Minga, U.M. and R.P. Nkini (l986).  Disease as a major constraint to chicken production in Tanzania.  In: Proceedings of the l3th Scientific Conference of the  Tanzania Society of Animal Production Vol. 13: 284-292.


Minga, U.M. (l986).  The impact of Fowl typhoid on the Poultry industry in Tanzania.  In: Proceedings of the 4th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conference, Vol. 4: 211 -  222.


Minga, U.M. and R. Kikopa (l987).  A record of Salmonella isolations from animals  in Tanzania made between l965 and l982.  Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Afr.: 35: 328 - 330.


Minga, U.M., R. Kikopa, K.S.G.Z. Minja and J.D. Mwasha (l987).  The prevalence and improved serodiagnosis of Fowl typhoid in Tanzania In:  Proceedings of the 5th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conference. Vol. 5: 325 - 338.       


Minga, U.M., W.D. Semuguruka and A.D. Maeda- Machang'u (l988).  Prevalence of Salmonella infection in  cattle and chicken in Morogoro using ELISA and culture  methods.  Tanz. Vet. Bull. 8: 33 - 37.


Minga, U.M. (1989).  The occurrence of Salmonella in healthy  slaughter cattle in Tanzania. Tanz. Vet. Bull. 9: 98 - 102.


Minga, U.M., A. Katule, T. Maeda and J. Musasa (l989).  Potential and8problems of the traditional chicken  industry in Tanzania.  In: Proceedings of the 7th  Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conference. Vol. 7: 207 - 215.


Mujuni, P.F. G.L. Mwamengele, U.M. Minga and G.A. Pousada (l990).  Infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis in a dairy cattle farm in Tanzania.  Tanz. Vet. Bull. 10: 59 - 69.


Minga, U.M. and C. Wray (l990).  Serological tests for  Salmonella enteritidis in chickens: Vet. Rec. 126: 20 -21.


Minga, U.M. and O.B. Balemba (l990).  ELISA: A new serodiagnostic test for bovine brucellosis in Tanzania.  In: Proceedings of 8th TVA Scientific Conference Vol. 8: 105 - 111.


Minga, U.M. (1991). Occurrence of Salmonella in healthy farm cattle and bovine salmonellosis in Tanzania. Tanz. Vet. J. 11: 63 - 70


Minga, U.M. and C. Wray (l992).  A disc-ELISA test for the detection of Salmonella group D antibodies in Poultry.  Res. Vet. Sci. 52: 384 - 386


Minga, U.M., C. Wray and P.S. Gwakisa (l992).  Serum, Disc and Egg - ELISA for the serodiagnosis of S. gallinarum and S. enteritidis infections in chickens.   Scand. J. Immunol.  36 (Suppl.11): 157 – 159


Gwakisa, P.S. and U.M. Minga (l992).  Humoral factors of natural resistance of Bos indicus cattle selected for antibody titre to Brucella abortus.  Scand. J. Immunol. 36 (Suppl.11): 99 – 102


Wray, C., R.A. Nicholas, C.J. Thorns and U.M. Minga (l992).  Studies on the serological diagnosis of Salmonella enteritidis in Poultry. In: Proc. Symposium on the diagnosis and control of Salmonella.  U.S. Animal Health Assoc. PP. 157-162.


Maeda-Machang'u, A.D., A.E. Pereka, A.E. Kimambo, N.V. Mwaipopo, U.M. Minga, A.A. Katule and M.M. Keregero (1993). Transfer of technology to farmers: Experiences with introduction of modern poultry breeds to Mgeta women farmers. In: Proceedings of the joint Regional Commonwealth and the 11th Tanzania Veterinary Association Scientific Conference. Vol.11: 326 - 332.


Minga, U.M., K. Loretu, R.S. Machang’u, R.S. Silayo, A.D. Maeda- Machang'u, A.E. Kimambo, B. Lema, S.F.H. Jiwa and D. Mgheni (1993). The role of Veterinary microbiology in the promotion of animal health and production in Tanzania. In: Microbiology and Development of Tanzania, Proceedings of a Workshop towards establishing a Tanzania Society for Microbiology, Held in Dar es Salaam, on 30 -  31 March, 1993. Pp. 20 - 30.


Maeda-Machang’u, A.D., P.S. Gwakisa and U.M. Minga (1994). Chemical  inactivation of Newcastle disease virus without changing its biological activity. In: Proc. Of the 12th TVA Scientific Conference. Tanzania Veterinary Journal 14: 192 - 197.


Akarro, F.M.N. and  U.M. Minga (1994). Bacteria causing bovine mastitis among dairy cattle in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania. In: Tanzania Society for Animal Production Proceedings Vol. 21: 361 - 371.

Minga, U.M., Nagaraja, K.V. (1995). Electrophoretic profiles of Salmonella                  Outer membrane proteins and lipopolysaccharides. In:  Proc. Of the 13th TVA                  Scientific conference held in Arusha on 5th - 7th December, 1995. Tanzania              Veterinary Journal Vol. 16(Suppl. 1): 7 - 12.


Yongolo, M.G.S., Minga, U.M., Maeda-Machang’u, A.D. Matovelo, J.A. and Mwanjala, T.K. (1995). Infectious bursal disease and Dispharynx nasuta in village chickens. In:  Proc. Of the 13th TVA Scientific conference held in Arusha on 5th 7th December, 1995. Tanzania Veterinary Journal Vol. 16 (Suppl. 1): 191 - 196.


Yongolo, M.G.S., U.M. Minga, A.D. Maeda-Machang’u and P.S. Gwakisa (1996). Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease and Newcastle disease virus isolates in village chickens in Tanzania. In: Proceedings of the 14th TVA Scientific Conference held in Arusha on 3 - 5 December, 1996: Tanzania Vet. Journal, 16 (Suppl. 2): 131 - 137.


Minga, U.M., A. Katule, M.G.S. Yongolo and T. Mwanjala (1996). The rural chicken industry in Tanzania: Does it make economic sense? In: Proceedings of the 14th TVA Scientific Conference held in Arusha on 3 - 5 December, 1996: Tanzania Veterinary Journal, 16 (Suppl.2): 25 - 28.


Mdegela, R.H., U.M. Minga and J.E. Olsen (1997). Application of ribotyping in epidemiological investigations of bacterial diseases in Tanzania. In: Proceedings of the 15th TVA Scientific Conference held in Arusha on 2 - 4 December, 1997.: Tanzania Vet. Journal 17 (Suppl.3): 176 - 185.


Assey, R.J., B.M. Kessy, J.A. Matovelo and U.M. Minga (1998). The incidence of gross reproductive abnormalities in the Small East African Zebu. Tropical Animal Health and Production: 30: 361 - 368.


Yongolo, M.G.S., U.M. Minga, A.M. Katule, M.M.A. Mtambo, S.K. Mutayoba, R.H. Mdegela and P. Lawrence (1998). Effect of Newcastle disease on population dynamics and economic imact to scavenging village chickens in Msolwa village in Morogoro region, Tanzania. In: Proceedings of the 16th TVA Scientific Conference held in Arusha on 1 - 3 December, 1998: Tanz. Vet. J. 18 (Suppl. 4): 90 - 104.


 Mdegela, R.H., U.M. Minga, P. Lawrence, N.A. Mwalusanya, M.G.S. Yongolo, M.M.A. Mtambo, S.K. Mutayoba, A.M. Katule and J.E. Olsen (1998). Feasibility of controlling fowl typhoid to enhance productivity of commercial chickens in Tanzania. In Proceedings of the  TVA Scientific Conference, held in Arusha on 1 - 3 December, 1998: Tanz. Vet. J. 18: (Suppl. 4) 117 - 126.


Msoffe, P. L.M., M.M.A. Mtambo, U.M. Minga, P.S. Gwakisa, A.M. Katule, S.K. Mutayoba, R.H. Mdegela, N.A. Mwalusanya, M.G.S. Yongolo and J.E. Olsen (1998). Scavenging local chickens in Tanzania: Is there room for improvement in productivity? In Proceedings of the  TVA Scientific Conference, held in Arusha on 1 - 3 December, 1998: Tanzania Vet. J. 18 (Suppl. 4): 117 -126.


Maeda-Machang’u, A.D., U.M. Minga and R.S. Machang’u (1998). The role of rodents in the transmission of viral diseases of livestock. Tanz. Vet. J. 18: 65 - 76


Moshi, N.G., G.C Kifaro and U.M. Minga (1999). Prevalence of mastitis in dairy goats on some selected farms in Morogoro and Arusha, Tanzania. Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences: 1 (2): 173 - 180


Minga, U.M., Mtambo, M.M.A., Katule, A.M., Mutayoba, S.K., Mwalusanya, N.A., Lawrance, Mdegela, R.H.  and Olsen, J.E. (2001).  Improving the health and productivity of the rural chicken in Africa: Research and development efforts in Tanzania.  In: Alders R.G. and Spradbrow, P.B. ed. 2001.  SADC Planning Workshop on Newcastle disease control in village chickens.  Proc. of the International Workshop, Maputo, Mozambique, 6-9 March, 2000, ACIAR Proceedings No. 103.  pp. 134 - 139.


Minga, U.M., Yongolo, M.G.S., Mtambo, M.M.A., Mutayoba, S.K. Lawrence, P., Mwalusanya, N.A., Katule, A. and Mlozi M.R.S., (2000).  The potential for rural production and health in Africa.  In: Gorm Perdersen, Anders Permin and Uswege M. Minga. ed. Possibilities for smallholder poultry projects in Eastern and Southern Africa.  Proc. of a Workshop. Morogoro, Tanzania. 22-25 May, 2000. Pp. 83 - 94


Mdegela, R.H., Yongolo,M.G.S., Minga, U.M., Olsen, J.E. (2000). Molecular epidemiology of Samonella gallinarum in local chickens in Tanzania. J. Avian Path. 29: 457 - 463.


Mdegela, R.H., Msoffe, P.L.M., Waihenya, R.W., Kasanga, J.C., Mtambo, M.M.A., Minga, U.M. and Olsen, J.E. (2000). Comparative pathogenesis of experimental infections with Salmonella gallinarum in local and commercial chickens. Tropical An. Hlth and Prod. 34: 195 - 204.


Msoffe, P.L.M., Minga, U.M., Olsen, J.E., Yongolo, M.G.S., Juul-Madsen, P.S. Gwakisa and Mtambo, M.M.A. (2000). Phenotypes including immunocompetence in scavenging local chickens of Tanzania. Tropical An. Hlth and Prod. 33: 341 - 354.


Minga, U.M., Yongolo, M.G.S., Mtambo, M.M.M., Mutayoba, S.K., Lawrence, P., Mwalusanya, N.A., Katule, -a., Gwakisa, P.S., Mlozi, M.R.S., and Olsen, J.E. (2000).  Rural poultry in Tanzania.  The untapped potential: A short Review. In:  Proc. of the first University wide Scientific Conference held in the Institute of Continuing Education (ICE), SUA, from 5 - 7th April 2000.  pp, 753 - 763.

Minga, U.M., Kazwala, R.R. Matovelo, J.A. Gwakisa, P.S., and Melewas, J.N. (2000).  Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP) in Tanzania.  In: Proc. of the first University-wide scientific Conference held at the Institute of Continuing Education (ICE), SUA from 5th - 7th April, 2000 pp. 587 - 597.


Mwalusanya, N.A., Katule, A.M., Mutayoba, Mtambo, M.M.A., Olsen, J.E. and Minga, U.M. (2001). Productivity of local chickens under village management conditions. Tropical An. Hlth. and Prod.: 33: 405 – 416


Mwalusanya, N.A., Katule, A.M., Mutayoba, Mtambo, M.M.A., Olsen, J.E. and Minga, U.M. (2001). Nutrient status of crop contents of rural scavenging local chickens in Tanzania. British Poultry Science. 43: 64 - 69.


Misinzo, G. and Minga, U.M. (2001). Impact of Newcastle disease control on the survival and productivity of rural chickens: A case study of Isangati     division, Mbeya – Tanzania. In Proc. of TVA Scientific Conference, held in       Arusha on 4 – 6 December, 2001. Vol. 21: 6 – 13.


Katule, A.M., Kakengi, V., Mutayoba, S.K. and Minga, U.M. (2001). Breed differences for food utilisation variables. . In Proc. of TVA Scientific Conference, held in Arusha on 4 – 6 December, 2001. Vol. 21: 111 – 120.


Hayghaimo, A.A., Minga, U.M. and Machang’u, R.S. (2001). Prevalence of verocytotoxic Escherichia coli (VTEC) 0157 in cattle meat (beef) in two          selected abattoirs of Tanzania: Preliminary results.  In Proc. of TVA Scientific Conference, held in Arusha on 4 – 6 December, 2001. Vol. 21: 133 – 144.


Yongolo, M.G.S., Maeda-Machang’u and Minga, U.M. (2002). Newcastle disease and infectious bursal diesase among free range village chickens in Tanzania. In: Characteristics and parameters of family poultry production in      Africa, Proc. of the Research Coordination meeting of the IAEA, held in Morogoro in September, 2000. pp.107 – 116.


Waihenya, R.K., Mtambo, M.M.A., Nkwenyulila, G. and Minga, U.M. (2002). Efficacy of crude extract of Aloe secundiflora against Salmonella         gallinarum in experimentally infected free range chickens in Tanzania. Journal  of Ethnopharmacology. 79: 317 – 323.


Msoffe, P.L.M., Mtambo, M.M.A., Minga, U.M., Gwakisa, P.S., Mdegela, R.H., and Olsen, J.E. (2002). Productivity and natural disease resistance potential of free-ranging local chicken ecotypes in Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development 14: (Internet access only: http://www.cipav.orgco/lrdd/lrrd14/3/msaf143.htm)


Kurwijila, L., Kyomo, M.L and Minga, U.M. (2002). The Challenges of Research in Improving Livestock Productivity in Tanzania (2002). In: Proceedings of the second University-wide Scientific Conference held at the Institute of Continuing Education (ICE), SUA. Pp. 29 – 63.


Mdegela, R.H., Msoffe, P.L.M., Waihenya R.W.., Kasanga J.C., Mtambo M.M.A. Minga, U.M. and Olsen J.E. (2002). Comparative pathogenesis of experimental infections with Salmonella gallinarum in Local and Commercial chickens. Tropical Animal Health and Production 34 (3): 195 – 204.

Raji, M.A., Jiwa, S.F. H., Minga, U.M. (2003). Escherichia coli 057:H57 Reservoir, Transmission, Diagnosis and the African situation: A Review. East African Medical Journal 80: 271 – 276.


Minga, U., Msoffe, P.L. and Gwakisa, P.S. (2004). Biodiversity (Variation) in Disease Resistance and in Pathogens within Rural Chicken Populations. Abstract in the Book of Abstracts p. 83 of the 22nd World’s Poultry Congress, Held in Istanbul, Turkey on 8 – 13, June, 2004.


Mbuthia, P.G., Njagi, W., Nyaga, P.N., Bebora, C., Mugera, G.M., Kamundia,  J., Minga, U.M., Olsen, J.E. (2004). Comparison of the carrier status of P. multocida between farm and live market indigenous birds. Proceedings of the 4th Biennual Scientific Conference, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, 3 – 5 November, 2004. The Kenya Veterinarian (Special Issue) 29: 45 – 47.


Mbuthia, P.G., Njagi, L.W., Nyaga, P.N., Bebora, L.C., Mugera, G.M.,  Kamundia, J., Minga, U., Olsen, J.E. (2004). Comparison between fluorescent in situ hybridization (fish) and culture method in the detection of Pasteurella multocida in organs of inigenous birds. Proceedings of the 4th Biennual Scientific Conference, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, 3 – 5 November, 2004. The Kenya Veterinarian (Special Issue) 29: 53 – 56.

 Mbuthia, P.G., Njagi, L.W., Nyaga, P.N., Bebora, L.C., Mugera, G.M., Minga, U. M., Olsen, J.E. (2004). Indigenous ducks are better reservoirs of P. multocida than indigenous chickens. Proceedings of the 4th Biennual Scientific Conference, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, 3 – 5 November, 2004. The Kenya Veterinarian (Special Issue) 29: 104 – 106.


Njagi, L.W., P.G. Mbuthia, L.C. Bebora, P.N. Nyaga, U.Minga, J.E. Olsen (2004). A study on effectiveness of seven disinfectants against possible bacteria contaminants of coops and premises inhabited by indigenous chickens and ducks.  Proceedings of the 4th Biennual Scientific Conference, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Nairobi, 3 – 5 November, 2004. The Kenya Veterinarian (Special Issue) 29: 113 – 118.


Njagi, L.W. Mbuthia, P.G., Bebora, L.C., Nyaga, P.N., Minga, U. and Olsen, J.E. (2004a). Carrier status for Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species in free range farm and market healthy indigenous chickens and ducks. East African Medical Journal 10: 529 – 533.


Njagi, L.W., Mbuthia, P.G., Bebora, L.C., Nyaga, P.N., Minga, U. and Olsen, J.E. (2004b). Sensitivity of Listeria species, recovered from indigenous chickens to antibiotics and disinfectants. East African Medical Journal 10: 534 – 537. 


8.55.      P.L.M. Msoffe, Mtambo, M.M.A., Minga, Olsen J.E., Juul-Madsen H.R. and Gwakisa P.S., Mutayoba, S. and Katule A.M. (2004). Productivity and reproductive performance of free range local domestic fowl ecotypes in Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Vol. 16, Art. #67. http://www.civac.org.co/lrrd16/9/msof16067.htm


 P.L.M. Msoffe, Mtambo, M.M.A., Minga, U.M., Juul-Madsen, H.R. and Gwakisa, P.S. (2005). Genetic structure among local chicken ecotypes of Tanzania based on microsatellite DNA typing. African Journal of Biotechnology, 4 (8): 768 – 771.


  Mashood Abiola Raj, Uswege Minga, Robert Machangu (2006). Current epidemiological status of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli 0157:H7 in Africa. Chinese Medical Journal 119 (3): 217 – 222.


 Byarugaba, D.K., Minga, U.M., Gwakisa, P.S., Katunguka, E.R., Bisgaard, M. Olsen, J.E. (2006). Occurrence, isolation and characterisation of Avibacterium paragallinarum from poultry in Uganda. Proc. of the International Symposium on Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (www.sciquest.org.nz)


D.K. Byarugaba; U.M. Minga; P.S. Gwakisa; E. Katunguka-Rwakishaya; M. Bisgaard and J.E. Olsen (2006). Investigation on the occurrence of Avibacterium paragallinarum infections in Uganda. Avian Diseases 51(2): 534-539.


 M.G.S. Yongolo, A.P. Muhairwa, D.J. Alexander, K.J. Handberg, R.J. Manvell and U.M. Minga (2006). Antigenic diversity and sensitivity and similariy of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from unvaccinated free-range rural chickens characterised by polyvalent and monoclonal antibodies. Livestock Research for Rural Development 18 (10). http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd18/10/yong18146.htm


 M.G.S. Yongolo, A.P. Muhaiwa, M.M.A. Mtambo, U.M. Minga, M. Minja, and R.H. Mdegela (2006). Immunogenicity and protection ability of candidate Newcastle disease virus isolates for vaccine production. Livestock Research for Rural Development 18 (10). http://www.cipav.org.co/lrrd18/10/yong18148.htm


 P.L.M Msoffe, U.M. Minga, M.M. Mtambo, P.S. Gwakisa and J.E. Olsen (2006). Differences in resistance to Salmonella eneterica serovar Gallinarum infection among indigenous local chicken ecotypes in Tanzania. Avian Pathology 35 (4): 270 – 276.


 P.L.M. Msoffe, U.M. Minga, M.M.A. Mtambo and P.S. Gwakisa (2006). Disparate HI titre dynamics following Newcastle disease vaccination to six local chicken Ecotypes of Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 18, Article #46. http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd18/3/msof of 18046.htm.


Byarugaba, Denis;  Minga, Uswege; Gwakisa, Paul; Katunguka, Eli; Bisgaard, Magne; Olsen, John Elmerdal  (2007) Virulence charcterisation of Avibacterium paragallinarum isolates from Uganda. Avian Pathology 36(1): 35 -42. 8.73 Raji, M.A, Minga UM, and Machangu R.S, (2009). Day-old infant rabbit model for enterohaemorrhagicEscherichia coli induced diarrhoea. VETERINARSKI ARHIV 79 (2), 167-177, 2009


 L.W. Njagi, P.N. Nyaga, P.G. Mbuthia, L.C. Bebora, J.N Michieka, J.K. Kibe and U.M. Minga (2010). Prevalence of Newcastle disease virus in village indigenous chickens in varied agro-ecological zones in Kenya. Livestock Research for Rural Development 22(5), Paper Number 95. (Online Journal)


Byarugaba D.K., Minga, U.M., Gwakisa P.S., Katunguka-Rwakishaya E., Bisgaard M., Christensen H. and Olsen J.E. (2011). Demonstration of antibiotic resitance genes strA, blaTEM, tetA, tetC and sul2 in Avibaterium paragallinarum. African Journal of Microbiology Research Vol. 5 (22), pp 3624 – 3627.


. Lucy W. Njagi, Phillip N. Nyaga, Lilly C. Bebora, Paul G. Mbuthia, Uswege M. Minga (2012). Effect of immunosuppression on Newcastle disease virus persistance in ducks with different immune status. ISRN Vterinary Science Vol. 2012(2012) Article ID 253809, 6 pages


Angaza A. Gimbi, Uswege M. Minga, Catherine V. Kabungo, Sophia F. Swai and Roger Thomson (2013). Performance of Chickens under under semi-scavenging conditions: A case study  of Ilima and Lubanda villages, Rungwe district, Tanzania. Huria Journal 15: 108 – 120.

8.78. Magreth Mushi, Jabiri Bakari and Uswege Minga (2013). Online and Mobile Learning in Poultry Farming in Tanzania. JIPE (Journal of Issues and Practice in Education) 4(1): 83 – 89.


Katakweba, Abdul; Moller, Karen; Muumba , Justice; Muhairwa, Amandus; Damborg, Peter; Rosenkrantz, Jesper; Minga, Uswege; Mtambo, Angelo; Olsen, J.E. (2014). Antimicrobial resistance in faecal samples from buffalo. Wildebeest and zebra grazing together with and without cattle in Tanzania Journal of Applied Microbiology – JAM – 2014 – 142: In Press